MOLDOVA


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What to see and do in Moldova

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Where is Moldova located?

Some information about Moldova

Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova), lies in the central part of Europe in the northeastern Balkans. Moldova occupies an area of 33,843.5 km2. The capital of Moldova is Chisinau. On the North, East and South Moldova is surrounded by Ukraine, and on the West it is separated from Romania by the Prut River.

The relief of the country represents a hilly plain sloping from the northwest to the southeast and having an average elevation of around 147 m above the sea level. The central part is occupied by Codrii woods, the most elevated topographical region with the maximum altitude of 429.5 m at Hill Balanesti, Nisporeni Raion (district) and a terrain strongly fragmented by valleys and dales. Erosion, land-sliding and recent tectonic upward movements have led to the formation of hartops (Romanian: valleys between hills), which represent amphitheaters with open ends facing river valleys. Many rural settlements are located in such landforms. The picturesque landscape of Codrii, which resembles a piedmont region, was named Basarabian Switzerland by Vasily Dokuchayev, a Russian geomorphologist and soil scientist. The terrain of the southwest of the country and the region along the lower course of the Nistru River represents a less fragmented plain.

The climate of the Republic of Moldova is moderately continental. It is characterized by a lengthy frost-free period, short mild winters, lengthy hot summers, modest precipitation, and long dry periods in the south. The average annual temperature increases southward from around 8-9°C in the north to around 10-11°C in the south. The average annual precipitation varies between 600-650 mm in the north and the center and 500-550 mm in the south and the southeast.


There are 5 scientific reservations in the country with a total area of around 19.4 thousand ha. Two forest reservations are located in central Moldova – the Codrii Reservation and the Plaiul Fagului Reservation. Two other reservations are located on the Prut floodplain – the Prutul de Jos reservation and the Padurea Domneasca Reservation. The fifth scientific reservation – the Iagorlac Reservation – serves for the protection and study of the unique aquatic ecosystem of the Nistru River.

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